Georg Flegel Duitse kunstenaar

Georg Flegel
(Het Georg Flegel, geb. 1566 Olomouc -.. d 23 maart 1638 Frankfurt -. Duitse kunstenaar, oprichter van de Duitse school van het stilleven


G.Flegel beschouwd als de eerste Duitse kunstenaar schilderde stillevens, en een van de grootste Europese meesters van het genre in het begin van de zeventiende eeuw. Flegel is ook de maker van een groot aantal aquarellen bloemen, vaak in full size.
Geboren in Moravië. schoenmaker. Vanaf 1580, werkt in Linz-assistent in het atelier van de Nederlandse schilder Lucas van Valckenborch. Flegel taak werd dorisovyvat fruit, groenten en bloemen op groot formaat doeken met scènes of zakelijke feest op de markt. In de jaren vertaalt 1592/1593 Valkenborh zijn studio in Frankfurt, en zijn vrouw Brigitte G.Flegel hem te volgen. In april 1597 Flegel, met behulp van Valkenborha krijgt Frankfort burgerschap en opende hij zijn eigen studio. Sinds 1600 probeert de kunstenaar zijn eerste stillevens te schrijven, met behulp van de natuur als die vruchten en items gebruikt om de achtergrond op de grote foto te maken.
G.Flegel Zelfportret met een klok (1630)
Workshop Flegel in grootte en prestaties kon natuurlijk niet, in vergelijking met de huidige artistieke werkplaats van zijn meester, die voortdurend werkt aan een verscheidenheid van studenten en assistenten. Flegel was de enige student schilder Jacob Marrel, vervolgde de opleiding in Utrecht met Jan de Hema. De beroemde Duitse meester van stilleven Sebastian Stoskopff, aangevuld bij Flegel, blijkbaar nooit zag zijn leraar tijdens zijn leven en nam zijn vaardigheid door het bestuderen van zijn schilderijen.

In G.Flegelya had zeven kinderen, van wie twee van zijn zonen waren ook schilders.


Stilleven met een gebakken ei


Geweldig diner. 1638


Stilleven met een kever. 1635


Bloemen in een vaas en een dessert. 1632


Stilleven met koekjes en snoep


Stilleven met Parrot


Stilleven met fruit en snacks. 1635


Vaas met bloemen en fruit met een glas water


Stilleven met vaas en kersen


Tak met abrikozen



Tsar Ivan IV the Terrible married to Martha Sobakina (October 28, 1571 443 years ago)


Most of the witnesses claimed that Ivan IV - noble and generous person with good looks and charming voice. It is proved that the Terrible was one of the most erudite men of his time, had a phenomenal memory and brilliantly mastered the art of oratory. The man doubled the territory of Russia, the wise ruler.

Two years after the death of his second wife Mary Cherkasy

41-year-old Russian Tsar Ivan IV in the Trinity Cathedral of the Alexander settlement married to Marfa Sobakina,

19-year-old daughter of a nobleman of the Kolomna seedy,

distant relative Malyuta Skuratova.


1S.A.Nikitin. Sculptural reconstruction of the skull of Martha Sobakina




Tormosov Victor. Ivan the Terrible.



Nikolai Nevrev

The era of Ivan the Terrible



Alexander Litovchenko (1835-1890) Ivan the Terrible and Horsey 1875



M.P.Klodt "Terem princesses"


Searches were conducted of the bride in the same manner as that for the first time. Of all the cities in the suburb had been brought brides and nobles and commoners, the number more than two thousand, each represent him especially. First, he chose 24, then 12, which ought to examine the doctor and grandmother. Terrible long compared them finally chose all Marfa Sobakina daughter Novgorod merchant, whom he immediately granted to the boyars.


T.Gorohovskaya. Ivan the Terrible chooses a bride.



Martha Sobakina



June 26, 1571 Tsar Ivan IV announced his engagement to Martha Sobakina. Somehow it happened that it was well received by the brother of the late queen Mary, Prince Michael Temgryuk. Prince Michael was often at Saburovs. Martha used to him. One evening Temgryuk offered boyaryshne few candied fruit.

- This is the king of the table, from today's lunch - he said.

Martha received podarok.M From that day on she never are sketchy, visibly start to lose weight. In addition, it started doing seizures. This was reported to the king, but he said that he was married to Sobakina, no matter what.


The wedding took place. Two weeks later, Martha died, and remained a virgin. This is her in 1898 devoted Rimsky-Korsakov opera "The Tsar's Bride." Began the massacre. Michael impaled. Except it has executed some of the boyars, suspected of complicity. Death of Martha Sobakina sincerely saddened John. Maybe because the third wife had not yet bored him. For two weeks he spent in seclusion, not allowing myself to anyone except Skuratova that several times a day reported to him about the results of interrogation and torture.

Ivan the Terrible and Malyuta Skuratov


Biographers of Ivan the Terrible Robert Payne and Nikita Romanov wrote: "Terrible was confident that the sudden death of Queen Martha - a consequence of witchcraft, which is directed against himself and against his children.

Yes, the grace of God he is alive, but for how long? ".

Early death of the queen gave birth to suspicions of poisoning and angered Ivan. Officially, it was announced that Martha hassled poison: "The Devil vozdvizhe near many people vrazhdovati on our queen, still unmarried suschu ... tacos and her poison uchinisha evil." According to some reports, the investigation were executed 20 people.



One of the legends, roving through the pages of history books, was born, perhaps surprisingly, in the middle of the XX century. She says that in August 1929 for the first time raised the lid of the sarcophagus of white stone Martha Sobakina people saw untouched by the corruptible body and her lovely face. It is hard to say why these rumors rooted among historians. Kept a diary in which members of the commission on opening tombs Ascension Cathedral in 1929 to record everything that was revealed in the course of studying ancient tombs. Perhaps this unusual condition of the remains of Martha Sobakina shocked them and reflected in the document. But the fact of the matter is that no biological phenomena if not found - stories about them appeared later and are, alas, only a fantasy ...


In her sarcophagus, except the remains were still found a well-preserved headdress - Volosnikov embroidered and unique glass cup Italian work on a silver tray, which is unparalleled in museum collections in our country.



Met de lente komt u allen en goede lentestemming!

Levitan, Isaac. maart


Witold Byalynitsky - Birulya. - Early Spring


Dooi (Savrasov AK)


Het vroege voorjaar (Krizhitsky KK)


Een adem van de lente (Krizhitsky KK

Het vroege voorjaar 1885 (Endogurov II)


Dooi (Savrasov AK)


Sisley, Alfred Vroege vesna.Selsky landschap.


Spring Yuri Obukhov


De lente bij de patriarch van Yuri Obukhov


Binnenplaats in Tver Boulevard Yuri Obukhov

Voorjaar. Alexander Polunin.